The study of nature's models, techniques, elements, and processes to be able to gain ideas to solve real human problems is known as biomimicry or biomimetics. The word biomimicry comes from the Greek word bios meaning life and mimesis meaning to imitate. Additional terms that are often utilized in this discipline are bionics, bio-inspiration, and biognosis.
Nature went through a substantial trial and error procedure in order to improve living things, procedures, and components of the environments throughout billions of years. Many new technologies made from biological engineering in all aspects right down to even the nanoscale have been influenced through the field of biomimicry. Since the start of humanity, humans have been looking to nature to answer difficulties of both complex and simplistic character. Mother nature has influenced approaches to numerous current engineering problems such as resistance to the wind, absorbing solar energy, and fuel issues.
To describe the movement of concepts from the field of biology to the discipline of modern technology, the term biomimetics is frequently used. Understood to be "the study of the creation, framework, or function of biologically created substances and materials and biological mechanisms and procedures especially for the purpose of synthesizing similar produces by artificial mechanisms which mimic natural ones," the term didn't get into Webster's Dictionary until 1974.
Studying birds to inspire real human flight is definitely an early illustration of biomimicry. Leonardo da Vinci, even though by no means successful in developing a machine that could take flight, acutely analyzed the physiology and flight of birds. He made numerous sketches and commentary on his observations and drew several potential designs for flying devices. The Wright Brothers, more productive within their endeavors, extracted inspiration for their aircraft by observing pigeons in flight. Nanobiomimicry is the imitation of nano and macro scale structures and processes. An array of nano-sized components which they can use to create new materials is one thing that mother nature gives people. Some examples of organic stuff that can be used to generate new materials are bacteria, diatoms, viruses, and biomolecules. Nanodevices such as nanowires and quantum dots have propelled technology in a manner that more standard human methods could not.
The field of biomimicry has helped bring together professionals from numerous career fields as it requires a good deal of collaboration. It takes experts such as biologists, engineers, physicists, material scientists, and nanotechnologists. Because of biomimicry, the growing field of nanotechnology has created many components and empowered scientists to produce incredible biological replications ..
Commonly used today, there are numerous interesting types of innovations brought about by biomimicry. The creation of velcro was inspired when a Swiss engineer saw that burrs were very difficult to remove from his dog's fur. He come up with the system of one strip of loops and one of barbs when he looked under a microscope and observed that the burrs possessed tiny hooks which caught in anything having a loop. Another instance of a biomimicry innovation is the glow in the dark aquarium tank fish seen in today's pet shops. When researchers stumbled on florescent proteins found in jellyfish, these fun and interesting pets were inspired. Delivering fantastic innovations to people all over the world is something the field of biomimicry continues to do.
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