Good politics, policies, and practices have been listed as the three best ingredients by which public affair objectives may be achieved. This assertion implies that for a public policy to realize its objectives, it requires to be politically viable. However, a politically viable policy is only workable if it does change the immediate policy or the status quo and it must be implementable both theoretically and in practice to achieve its objectives (Brown & Scales, 2012). The United States and her NATO allies must thus ensure the intersection of three principles of good practices, good policies, and good politics in executing its operations and mandate in Afghanistan.
With these principles in place, the U.S would have long succeeded in its intervention in Afghanistan with regards to the establishment of a functioning government that provides essential services to its citizens. Several reasons have been cited to explain the difficulties and the challenges the U.S faces as it tries to establish a stable and functioning government in Afghanistan. First, many journalists and scholars cite rampant corruption in Afghanistan as a hindrance to the establishment of a functioning government in the country. Additionally, the U.S and her allies have consistently failed to deal with the Afghans that drive out and kill fellow Afghans that are committed to rebuilding their country. These criminals and corrupt Afghans and terror groups profit from the many opportunities and huge influx of money getting into the country.
The U.S. had a chance and the resources to assist in rebuilding Afghanistan immediately after the invasion but let the chance slip away. However, there is still time and opportunities for the U.S to rebuild the country and empower its hardworking and patriotic citizens. The U.S, as well as the local Afghans must therefore be more than ready and willing to expose and eliminate the non-patriotic groups and individuals that seek to profit at the local, regional, and national level at the expense of hardworking Afghans (Brown & Scales, 2012). This paper explores the best possible policy direction that the United States should adopt to realize most, if not all of its objectives in Afghanistan.
The Best Policy on Afghanistan
To realize its objectives in Afghanistan such as the restoration of national security, the entrenching and spreading of democracy, human rights, the balance of power in the region and the protection of the American troops' and citizens' interests, the U.S foreign policy on the country and the war therein must be guided by certain core principles. Central among these principles is the need to emphasize the importance of pursuing policies that ensure U.S citizens are safe. In addition, there is need for the U.S to end the period of war and turn to a period of peace that would restore its position in world leadership. To destroy and demoralize the leadership of terror groups in Afghanistan and other neighboring terror nucleuses such as Pakistan, there is a need for extraordinary measures by politicians, servicemen, and policymakers for the crucial moment that will yield results in Afghanistan to arrive even as the U.S begins to wind down and eventually end the occupation of Afghanistan (Brown & Scales, 2012). Fortunately, with the entrance of President Barrack Obama, a lot of positive strategies and policies have been formulated and implemented towards ending the U.S occupation of Afghanistan. However, there is still room for improvement even as the Obama administration strives to achieve its objectives in Afghanistan. The policy proposed in this paper thus supports most of the current White House policies on Afghanistan even though other stakeholders have opposed some of Obama's policies on Afghanistan.
The recommended policy towards Afghanistan must also outline a national and comprehensive strategy to counter terrorism, focusing on Taliban, its leaders, there affiliates, and supporters. Plans to end the war in Afghanistan in a responsible manner and remove all U.S forces from the country must then be outlined and announced. It should however be apparent that the core objective of the recommended policy on Afghanistan must strategize to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat the Taliban and other terror groups and links in the country and its neighbors (Lansford, 2003). In meeting this latter goal, the policy must ensure that an internationally built and recognized coalition of stakeholders take part in supporting the people of Afghanistan against the Taliban and other terrorists. It is only via these coalitions that the democratic reforms and economic development that are much needed in Afghanistan could be achieved. In addition, the international community should play a central role in ensuring peace and prosperity not only in Afghanistan but also in the entire Middle East.
It is also important the U.S government policy on Afghanistan creates a clear distinction between terrorism and Islam. In this context, the policy must endeavor to start a new and positive relationship between the United States and the world Muslim community (Lansford, 2003). The other important aspect of the policy the United States should adopt in Afghanistan is the mobilization of resources to assist in offering relief services to the Afghans affected by the war. In this respect, the U.S will reset and reshape its tainted relationship with Muslims as well as with other countries, which have a perception that the U.S only promotes its interests in Afghanistan and not the interests of the Afghans.
Reducing the Number of Troops
The reduction of the number of U.S troops in Afghanistan is the other important component of the policy the U.S should adopt on Afghanistan as it would show that the U.S does not intend to occupy the country permanently. In fact, increasing the number of U.S forces in Afghanistan would only serve to incite and heighten anti-U.S sentiments across the world. These anti-American sentiments would in turn be used to recruit more terrorists, implying that the forces that the U.S and her allies seek to curtail may in fact be strengthened if the wrong policy and strategies are used in Afghanistan. Nonetheless, some adjustments are required in the U.S troops in Afghanistan. For instance, adjustments to should be done so that the U.S soldiers in Afghanistan train Afghani soldiers and police to maintain law and order and to secure their borders and people (Auken, 2012). In training the Afghani soldiers and police, realistic and achievable goals should be set. For example, the number of Afghani forces to be trained must be that which the central government can control.
The policy to be applied in Afghanistan by the Unites States should therefore not be merely intellectually and theoretically coherent but should be actually and practically achievable with the help of the Afghani authorities and those of its neighbors such as Pakistan. The best policy must therefore be based on sufficient and effective leadership to be politically popular and to arouse political will and support from the Afghanis. That is, the policy must appreciate that the political will and support of the Afghanis is more important to the realization of its objectives in Afghanistan than the political will of the United States and her allies. Particularly hinged on the Afghani political will and support is the goal of making the Afghani government to take hold of the country's leadership. The leadership and the other sections of the country's population should also be transformed and prepared in respect to skills, education, language, culture, history, economic, and literacy to take over governance (Auken, 2012).
Despite of the applicability of the above policy supported by the Obama administration in realizing U.S goals in Afghanistan, opposition to these policies has emerged from different quarters. For instance, in late 2011, several US generals balked at President Obama's plans to withdraw soldiers from Afghanistan. Among those opposing the President's withdrawal policy include General John Allen and General Stanley McChrystal who was replaced by General Petraeus in 2010 as senior Afghan commander after certain articles in which he made making contemptuous remarks relating to President Barrack Obama's administration (Auken, 2012).
Although the U.S has forfeited some opportunities to rebuild and stabilize Afghanistan, there is still room to design and implement a sound and effective policy to assist in the realization of these goals. This policy must first be politically, economically, socially, and culturally acceptable by the Afghanis. Nonetheless, the well being and the interests of U.S soldiers and civilians must be provided for and protected in this policy. In fact, the Obama administration has covered considerable ground in making the Afghani government stable and functional. However, there has been some level of opposition to Obama's policy of withdrawing U.S troops from Afghanistan at a steady pace, more so from some of his generals who state that the withdrawal of troops would make difficult eliminate insurgents and their havens, further complicating U.S efforts to protect supply lines ahead the scheduled 2014.
Copyright (c) 2012 Morgan D
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Morgan is a writer who works with Uk Best Writing service, He has experience of more than ten years in acdemic writing. He provides students with Uk research papers, ssays writing service UK and Uk essay service online.
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