Only one world other than Earth is known to harbour lakes, Saturn’s largest moon, Titan. Jupiter’s small moon Io is volcanically active due to tidal stresses, and as a result sulphur deposits have accumulated on the surface. Some photographs taken during the Galileo mission appear to show lakes of liquid sulphur on the surface.
There are dark basaltic plains on the Moon, similar to lunar maria but smaller, that are called lacus (singular lacus, Latin for “lake”) because they were thought by early astronomers to be lakes of water .Lake Michigan Huron is the largest lake by surface area. It also has the longest lake coastline in the world. 8,790 km. If Huron and Michigan are considered two lakes, Lake Superior is the largest lake. However, Huron still has the longest coastline at 6,157 km (2980 km excluding the coastlines of its many inner islands). The world’s smallest geological ocean, the Caspian Sea, at 394,299 km squared has a surface area greater than the six largest freshwater lakes combined, and it’s frequently cited as the world’s largest lake.
The deepest lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia, with a bottom at 1,637 m. Its mean depth is also the greatest in the world (749 metres). It is also the world’s largest lake, and the second longest (about 630 km from tip to tip). The longest lake is Lake Tanganyika, with a length of about 660 km (measured along the lake’s centre line). It is also the second largest by volume and second deepest (1,470 m) in the world, after Lake Baikal. The world’s oldest lake is Lake Baikal, followed by Lake Tanganyika (Tanzania).
The world’s highest lake is the crater lake of Ojos del Salado, at 6,390 metres (20,965 ft). The Lhagba Pool in Tibet at 6,368 m (20,892 ft) comes second. The highest large freshwater lake in the world is Lake Manasarovar in Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The world’s highest commercially navigable lake is Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia at 3,812 m (12,507 ft). It is also the largest freshwater (and second largest overall) lake in South America. The world’s lowest lake is the Dead Sea, bordering Israel and Jordan at 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level. It is also one of the lakes with highest salt concentration.
Lake Huron has the longest lake coastline in the world, about 2980 km, excluding the coastline of its many inner islands. The largest island in a freshwater lake is Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, with a surface area of 2,766 km. Lake Manitou, located on Manitoulin Island, is the largest lake on an island in a freshwater lake. The largest lake located on an island is Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island, with an area of 5,542 km and a maximum length of 123 km. The largest lake in the world that drains naturally in two directions is Wollaston Lake.
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